View Full Version : سورس فایل ها

شنبه 06 تیر 1383, 18:38 عصر
سلام خسته نباشید.
آیا می شود منبع یک فایل , هر فایلی مثلا فایل های اجرایی(exe,com,dat,sys,dll,….) را به دست آورد؟ مگر اطلاعات موجود در فایل ها با الگوریتم خاصی کد نمی شوند. ما که الگوریتم بدون بازگشت نداریم. پس می شود؟
یا برای فایل های اجرایی کد باینری (0 و 1) آن ها را به دست بیاوریم و بر عکس کارهای کامپایلرش را انجام دهیم.
به نظر شما شرکت سازنده یک زبان برنامه نویسی می تواند سورس فایل های اجرایی که با آن زبان ایجاد شده اند را به دست آورد.
اگر می دانید این کار قبلا اجرا شده لطفا بگویید.
موفق باشید. :skull: :evil2: (:D)

Best Programmer
یک شنبه 07 تیر 1383, 16:03 عصر
مکان سوالت اشتباه هست ولی یک مورد مثال میزارم تا کمی آشنا شوی

VISUAL BASIC REVERSED - A decompiling approach
Author: AndreaGeddon
Keywords: Reverse Code Engineering, Visual Basic, VB, Decompiling
Frameworks are getting more and more popular today, Visual Basic is one of them. Personally i hate frameworks,
and also most reversers do. So, why this tutorial? We can consider both the light and the dark side of the problem:
frameworks usually put a lot of code in the compiled programs, so it becomes hard to find the way among all that
jungle. But they also use sets of pre-built objects, so theese objects are always the same and can be recognized,
helping the reverser to understand the code itself. In a VB PE you have a lot of information inside the exe, so you
can easily extract all the information you need about all components of the program. To analyze a VB application I
used this program that was written by a friend of mine (thank you _d31m0s_!). It’s a sort of name/serial crackme,
but we are not interested in serial fishing, we are interested in how it works and how the vb knows how to build the
app itself. I asked my friend to write it adding some event handling (colors, on over, etc) and a simple algorithm
to check serial. He also wrote the proggy using more source files and making various subs (some null sub too).
We also have the source of all, but we will check them later.
Let’s make some introduction now!
Before VB5 the VB programs were not truly traduced in assembler, they were coded in Pseudo Code (hehe you
all remember those hating pcode exe!), and the VB virtual machine had the task of interpreting the pseudo code
and execute it. Those programs were linked to vbrun100, vbrun200, vbrun300, vbrun400 dlls (depending on the
version); well thing are a little di erent because there were variations between 16bit or 32bit modules (pcode
were mostrly 16bit apps), but this is not what we are looking for. Today we have version 5 and 6 of VB, they
use MSVBVM50.dll and MSVBVM60.dll, and now VB exes are really compiled and traduced in asm. As you all
know you can’t use usual breakpoints like ”GetWindowTextA” when debugging VB programs, infact you should
use the apis exported from the VBVM dll (e.g. for a serial i would use __vbaStrCmp, or rtcMsgBox), if you want
to use theese apis in softice you just have to load the VB dll (in winice.dat or via symbol loader). This will help
you debug VB applications.
Let’s start disassembling the proggy. I am using Ida, i advice you to use it too, but you can use other disassemblers
if you want. First of all lets have a general look, so we can have a general idea. You can easily see the following:
... IAT (First Thunk ok apis)
... some data
... transfer area (declspec(dllimport) style)
... lots of data
... local transfer area (for internal event handlers)
... other data
... code
... other data
Ok we have a general idea of the mapping of the program. Notice that all read only data is in the .text section,
the data before and after the code contains names of imported functions (IT original first thunks), however now
we begin analisys.
We start from entry point. What we see is:
00401310 push offset RT_MainStruct
00401315 call ThunRTMain
if you debug this, you execute the call and the program runs. The analisys here is very simple: the entry point
simply consists of:
this function is the main function of the VBVM (the Thunder Runtime Engine) and has one parameter, the
pointer to a complex structure that describes all the application. It is clear that all the data, all the callbacks
and so on are described by this structure, so we can extract a lot of information. We just have to check this big
structure! Let’s go!
00401970 RT_MainStruct db ’VB5!’ ;signature
00401974 db 1Ch ;
00401975 aVb6it_dll db ’#VB6IT.DLL’,0 ;italian language
00401980 dd 0
00401984 dd 2Ah
00401988 dd 0
0040198C dd 0
00401990 dd 0A0000h
00401994 dd 410h
00401998 dd 409h
0040199C dd 0
004019A0 dd offset ProjectStruct
004019A4 dd 30F016h
004019A8 dd 0FFFFFF00h
004019AC dd 8
004019B0 dd 1
004019B4 dd 2
004019B8 dd 0E9h
004019BC dd offset DialogsStruct
004019C0 dd offset ExternStruct
004019C4 dd offset ProjectInfo
004019C8 dd 78h
004019CC dd 7Eh
004019D0 dd 84h
004019D4 dd 85h
004019D8 dd 0
004019DC dd 0
004019E0 dd 0
004019E4 dd 0
the first field is the signature of the struct itself. Note that the program has been written with VB 6.0, but
the signature is ”VB5!”, probably they didnt change it for cross compatibility? Or just forgot it? Who knows!
However we can see various infos, the ”VB6IT.dll” that should be the module to load the language (the app
has been written with italian version of vb). What should really abtract your attention are the four pointers
(ProjectStruct, DialogsStruct, ExternStruct, ProjectInfo). I gave them a name because i know their function,
you should see just four addresse in the dasm. However we will analyse theese structs to find infos we need.
0040131C ProjectInfo dd 0 ; DATA XREF: 004019C4o
00401320 dd 30h
00401324 dd 40h
00401328 dd 0
0040132C dd 0EACF9A13h
00401330 dd 4F93898Bh
00401334 dd 0DF0C5493h
00401338 dd 159AAEEDh
0040133C dd 0
00401340 dd 10000h
00401344 a020430progetto db 0,0,’020430Progetto1’,0
00401356 aC000 db ’-C000-’
0040135C dd 0 ;
here we can see various numbers, in particular there is the project name as last field. If we go and search in the
source of the app, we can see in the .vbp the following line
Reference=*\G{00020430-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}#2.0#0#D:\WINNT\System32\STDOLE2.TLB# OLE Automation
so we can think all the data bytes represent the type of project, modules contained etc etc. This isn’t very useful,
so we go on. We go back to main struct and see another sub structure:
004018F8 ExternStruct dd 6 ;flag
004018FC dd offset InsideImport ;import data
it is a bit harder to figure out what this structure is. This handles other imported functions, they can be inside
or outside virtual machine module. The flag indicates the type of import (6 = inside, 7 = outside). If you look
at InsideImport you will find:
00402B64 InsideImport dd offset Descr
00402B68 dd offset Thunk
Descr will point to four dwords that seem to be the same in all vb apps. Thunk will contain a pointer to an area
where addresses (of some code of the virtual machine) are stored. I analysed an other vb app, its ExternStruct
//snippet from another vb app
00401A5C ExternStruct dd 7 ;outside
00401A60 dd offset ImportData
00401A64 dd 6 ;inside
00401A68 dd offset InsideImport
//end snippet from another vb app
as you can see in that app there was an external function, infact the app used ShellExecute to open the internet
browser and link to a site. The ImportData is as follows:
//snippet from another vb app
00402DA4 ImportData dd offset aShell32 ;modulename
00402DA8 dd offset aShellexecutea ;apiname
00402DAC align 8
00402DB0 dd offset IAT_Data
//end snippet from another vb app
where you can see you have the pointers to the name of the module and the name of the api to import. The
IAT_Data fields points to thunking data (hInstance of module and api address). This data is also used from the
primitive DLL_Import of VB, used to thunk to outside apis. Back to our app, we check the DialogsStruct pointer:
00401A00 DialogsStruct[0] dd 50h ;sizeof struct
00401A04 dd 356022C6h
00401A08 dd 400E3F28h
00401A0C dd 495240B8h
00401A10 dd 0C9491BB6h
00401A14 dd 0
00401A18 dd 0
00401A1C dd 0
00401A20 dd 0
00401A24 dd 0
00401A28 dd 310h
00401A2C dd 0
00401A30 dd 0
00401A34 dd 0
00401A38 dd 0
00401A3C dd 0
00401A40 dd 596h
00401A44 dd 0
00401A48 dd offset MainDialog
00401A4C dd 4Ch
00401A50 DialogsStruct[1] dd 50h ;sizeofstruct
00401A54 dd 78CBBB9Fh
00401A58 dd 401EB563h
00401A5C dd 0DB80B296h
00401A60 dd 7EFFD31Ah
00401A64 dd 0
00401A68 dd 0
00401A6C dd 0
00401A70 dd 0
00401A74 dd 3
00401A78 dd 100h
00401A7C dd 0
00401A80 dd 0
00401A84 dd 0
00401A88 dd 0
00401A8C dd 0
00401A90 dd 1A3h
00401A94 dd 0
00401A98 dd offset AboutDialog
00401A9C dd 9Ch
we have an array of dialog descriptors. Each descriptor has various data values, in particular has in the 19th field
a pointer to a struct were the resource info are stored. Theese structure have variable size, because it depends
on the data contained by the resources. Lets go and see MainDialog; i will not paste all the data but only the
important things.
004013C2 aForm1 db 5,0,’Form1’,0
004013CC aLeimcrackme db 0Bh,0,’Leimcrackme’,0
004013E2 IconData db 6,3,0,0,6Ch,74h,0,0,0FEh...
004016FA dw 2Dh ; clientleft
004016FE dw 14Ah ; clienttop
00401702 dw 1248h ; clientwidth
00401706 dw 0B7Ch ; clientheight
00401715 aText2 db 5,0,’Text2’,0
00401731 aText1 db 5,0,’Text1’,0
0040174D aCommand2 db 8,0,’Command2’,0
0040175A aCheck db 7,0,’&Check!’,0
00401777 aCommand1 db 8,0,’Command1’,0
00401784 aAbout db 6,0,’&About’,0
004017A2 aLabel2 db 6,0,’Label2’,0
004017AD aSerial db 7,0,’Serial:’,0
004017D1 aLabel2_0 db 6,0,’Label2’,0
004017DC aName db 5,0,’Name:’,0
004017FC aLabel1 db 6,0,’Label1’,0
00401807 aWhoeverTriesTh db ’’,0,’Whoever tries...
you can see all the components of the crackme, their data, etc etc. IconData is the raw data of the icon of the
main dialog.
If we look at the source we have:
Begin VB.Form Form1
BorderStyle = 3 ’Fixed Dialog
Caption = "Leimcrackme"
ClientHeight = 2940
ClientLeft = 45
ClientTop = 330
ClientWidth = 4680
Icon = "andre.frx":0000
LinkTopic = "Form1"
you can see the icon data is encoded in the .frx file, which usually have big data. So the Icon field links to
andre.frx file and 0000 is the o set of the starting data. Infact also the last label is linked as follows:
Caption = $"andre.frx":030A
infact in the frx file after the raw icon data there is at o set 30Ah the string of that label. Of course in the
compiled app all the infos (.frm and .frx) are built in the dialog sutrcture. In the same way you can see the infos
about the second dialog (AboutDialog). Now we go and check the most important structure:
00401AA0 ProjectStruct dd 1F4h ;signature?
00401AA4 dd offset Tree
00401AA8 dd 0
00401AAC dd offset StartOfCode
00401AB0 dd offset EdnOfCode
00401AB4 dd 1238h
00401AB8 dd offset DataVar1
00401ABC dd offset vbaExceptHandler
00401AC0 dd offset StartOfData
00401AC4 dd 84h dup(0)
00401CD4 dd offset ExternStruct
00401CD8 dd 1
Let’s see the fields: there is a pointer to the exetern imports, we already covered this structure. There are
StartOfCode and EndOfCode vars, they indicate where the executable code starts and where it ends. The code
is delimited by two signatures (E9E9E9E9h starting, 9E9E9E9E ending) and some 0xCC padding. There is also
a field that is the pointer to the base per-thread exception handler, that is __vbaExceptHandler (but of course
the code will install others handerls). There are the pointers to StartOfData and another pointer that points
to StartOfData + 8, it seems theese values are common for all applications. In the 84h dup(0) space you can
probably find infos about path of the project etc, usually you see here some unicode strings, nothing interesting.
The remaining field, Tree, is a descriptor of code modules as they were in the source (and as they are oranized in
the compiled exe).
So we are going to check this struct; it is a bit complex, so pay attention:
00402434 Tree dd 0
00402438 dd offset VB_Func
0040243C dd offset TreeData
00402440 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402444 dd 0
00402448 dd offset UnkVar1
0040244C dd 1F1CB8D4h
00402450 dd 42793AE6h
00402454 dd 51A97A97h
00402458 dd 41E1033h
0040245C dd 4000Ah
00402460 dd 40004h
00402464 dd offset ModulesList ;ptr to ModulesList[0]
00402468 dd 0
0040246C dd 0
00402470 dd 0
00402474 dd offset aProgetto1_0 ; "Progetto1"
00402478 dd 409h
0040247C dd 410h
00402480 dd 0
00402484 dd 2
VB_Func is a pointer to a location that is filled at runtime with some address of the vbvm, there are other fields
such as the project name and an unknown var, but the interesting things are TreeData and ModuleList. Let’s
see TreeData:
00402DE0 TreeData dd 0
00402DE4 dd offset Tree ;back pointer
00402DE8 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402DEC dd 0
00402DF0 dd offset FormList
00402DF4 dd 0
00402DF8 dd 0
00402DFC dd 0
00402E00 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402E04 dd 0
00402E08 dd offset ProjectInfo2
00402E0C dd offset RawData1
00402E10 dd offset R_UnkVar1
00402E14 dd offset ProjectInfo2
00402E18 dd offset RawData2
00402E1C dd offset R_UnkVar2
00402E20 dd offset ProjectInfo2
00402E24 dd offset RawData3
00402E28 dd offset R_UnkVar3
00402E2C dd offset ProjectInfo2
00402E30 dd offset RawData4
00402E34 dd offset R_UnkVar4
00402E38 dd 0
00402E3C dd offset RawData5
00402E40 dd offset R_UnkVar5
what we got here? A back pointer to tree struct, some raw data and ather infos about the project (you can see at
projectInfo2 some data and usually you will find the string ’C:\Programmi\Microsoft Visual Studio\VB98\VB6.OLB’),
the important pointer is FormList. Let’s see:
00402D18 FormList dd offset Form[0] ;form1
00402D1C dd 0FFFFFFFFh ;module1
00402D20 dd 0FFFFFFFFh ;module2
00402D24 dd offset Form[1] ;form2
infact if we see the .vbw file we find:
Form1 = 186, 224, 986, 702, , 207, 76, 652, 524, C
Module1 = 236, 214, 1036, 662,
Module2 = 166, 196, 966, 644,
Form2 = 100, 283, 900, 731, , 173, 118, 973, 566, C
so the FormList simply points to a list of tied dialogs to the forms/modules of the project. Note that modules
correspond to .bas files, forms to .frm files (which include .frx for raw resources). Let’s go on:
00402D60 Form[0] dd 0
00402D64 dd offset FormDescriptor[0]
00402D68 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402D6C dd 0
00402D70 dd 0
00402D74 dd 0
00402D78 dd offset FlagList
00402D7C dd 0
00402D80 dd offset UnkData
00402D84 dd offset UnkData
00402D88 dd offset UnkData
00402D8C dd 0
00402D90 dd 0
00402D94 dd 0
00402D98 dd 58h
00402D9C dd 4
i will not paste Form[1] because its identical to Form[0]. We see some pointers to some data (mostly they point
to null values), and then a pointer to FormDescriptor. Here we stop for now, we have to go back to check
Tree.ModulesList structure (from there we will reach again FormDescriptor structs):
00402488 ModulesList[0] dd offset FormDescriptor[0]
0040248C dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402490 dd offset Flags_0
00402494 dd 0
00402498 dd 0
0040249C dd 0
004024A0 dd offset aForm1_0 ; "Form1"
004024A4 dd 5
004024A8 dd offset OptionalData1
004024AC dd 0FFFFh
004024B0 dd 18083h ;Flags_1
004024B4 dd 0
004024B8 ModulesList[1] dd offset ModuleDescriptor[0]
004024BC dd 0FFFFFFFFh
004024C0 dd offset Flags_1
004024C4 dd 0
004024C8 dd offset unk_modvar1
004024CC dd 0
004024D0 dd offset aModule1 ; "Module1"
004024D4 dd 7
004024D8 dd 0
004024DC dd 0FFFFh
004024E0 dd 18001h
004024E4 dd 0
004024E8 ModulesList[2] dd offset ModuleDescriptor[1]
004024EC dd 0FFFFFFFFh
004024F0 dd offset Flags_1
004024F4 dd 0
004024F8 dd offset unk_modvar2
004024FC dd 0
00402500 dd offset aModule2 ; "Module2"
00402504 dd 3
00402508 dd 0
0040250C dd 0FFFFh
00402510 dd 18001h
00402514 dd 0
00402518 ModulesList[3] dd offset FormDescriptor[1]
0040251C dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00402520 dd offset Flags_2
00402524 dd 0
00402528 dd 0
0040252C dd 0
00402530 dd offset aForm2 ; "Form2"
00402534 dd 2
00402538 dd offset OptionalData2
0040253C dd 0FFFFh
00402540 dd 18083h
00402544 dd 0
voil. We can easily see names and order of the forms/modules of the project. Note that the first field is a
descriptor for the Module/Form, they are di erent descriptors, so they have a di erent structure. We can go and
see ModuleDescriptors:
00401938 ModuleDescriptor[0] dd 10001h
0040193C dd offset Tree ;back pointer
00401940 dd 0
00401944 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00401948 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
0040194C dd 0
00401950 dd offset ModulesList[1] ;back pointer
00401954 dd offset MD0_UnkVar
00401958 dd 0
0040195C dd 7D63150h
00401960 dd 0
00401964 dd 0
00401968 dd 0
0040196C dd offset RT_MainStruct ; ptr to following address
nothing of interest here. The other module descriptor is like this so i won’t paste it. Let’s see form descriptors:
00401F48 FormDescriptor[0] dd 1
00401F4C dd offset Tree ;back pointer
00401F50 dd 0
00401F54 dd offset Form[0] ;back pointer
00401F58 dd 0FFFFFFFFh
00401F5C dd 0
00401F60 dd offset ModulesList ;back pointer
00401F64 dd offset DataVar1
00401F68 dd 0
00401F6C dd 7D98E18h
00401F70 dd 0
00401F74 dd 0
00401F78 dd 0
00401F7C dd offset FD0_Raw1
00401F80 dd 1
00401F84 dd offset FD0_Raw2
00401F88 dd 0
00401F8C dd offset FD0_Raw1
00401F90 dd 1
00401F94 dd offset FD0_ControlsList
00401F98 dd 0
00401F9C dd offset FD_Raw3
00401FA0 dd 7 ;number of controls in list
00401FA4 dd offset FD0_ControlsList
00401FA8 dd 1B70005h
00401FAC dd 6C0068h
00401FB0 dd offset FD0_Dispatcher
00401FB4 dd offset FD0_UnkVar1
00401FB8 dd 0
00401FBC dd 1324FCh
we see some unknown vars and some back pointers, what we care of is FD0_COntrolsList and FD0_Dispatcher.
We see there are 7 controls in the list, so let’s see the list:
00401FC8 FD0_ControlsList[0] dd 180040h ;control type
00401FCC dd 34h ;ID1
00401FD0 dd offset RawData1
00401FD4 dd 30005h ;ID2
00401FD8 dd 0
00401FDC dd 0
00401FE0 dd offset LocalDispatcher[0]
00401FE4 dd 7DC1BF0h
00401FE8 dd offset aText2_0 ; "Text2"
00401FEC dd 30005h
00401FF0 FD0_ControlsList[1] dd 180040h ;control type
00401FF4 dd 38h ;ID1
00401FF8 dd offset RawData1
00401FFC dd 30004h ;ID2
00402000 dd 0
00402004 dd 0
00402008 dd offset LocalDispatcher[1]
0040200C dd 7DC1BF0h
00402010 dd offset aText1_0 ; "Text1"
00402014 dd 30004h
we have all the components of the dialog, which is fundamental in event tracking. You can see names for the
controls, some strange values (ID1 and ID2, semms like they are internally used as resource id) and LocalDispatcher.
This is the point of all! LocalDispatcher infact points to a structure that contains all event handlers of
the controls! Let’s see LocalDispatcher[0]:
004020F4 LocalDispatcher[0] dd 0
004020F8 dd offset FD0_ControlsList[0]
004020FC dd offset FormDescriptor[0]
00402100 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_QueryInterface
00402104 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_AddRef
00402108 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_Release
0040210C dd 18h dup(0)
the first field is always zero. The second is a backpointer to the parent structure in the controls list, the third
is a backpointer to parent FormDescriptor structure. After we find some basic handlers which are present in all
controls, then we have no other handlers. This is the dispatcher of a ”label” control, so it has no other handlers!
So we can choose another control in the list:
00402040 ControlsList[3] dd 110040h
00402044 dd 40h
00402048 dd offset RawData3
0040204C dd 30002h
00402050 dd 0
00402054 dd 0
00402058 dd offset LocalDispatcher[3]
0040205C dd 7DC1C10h
00402060 dd offset aCommand1_0 ; "Command1"
00402064 dd 30002h
as before we go and see the LocalDispatcher[3]:
00402278 LocalDispatcher[3] dd 0
0040227C dd offset ControlsList_3_
00402280 dd offset FormDescriptor_0_
00402284 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_QueryInterface
00402288 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_AddRef
0040228C dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_Release
00402290 dd offset onClickAbout
00402294 dd 10h dup(0)
voil, what we were searching for! We have the onClickAbout pointer, that points to:
004023FD onClickAbout:
004023FD sub dword ptr [esp+4], 3Fh
00402405 onClickAbout1:
00402405 jmp onClickAboutRoutine
that is a transfer area (internal function dispatcher) for local event handlers. So now we know what routine is
executed when ”About” button is pressed. The problem is, how did I know that it is a onClick handler? It could
be a onOver, onMove etc etc? To answer this question let’s see the Label1 dispatcher, we know that it has a
onOver handler, we can see it at runtime (and we know it is label1 from line 004017FC remember?)
00402330 LocalDispatcher[5] dd 0
00402334 dd offset ControlsList[5]
00402338 dd offset FormDescriptor[0]
0040233C dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_QueryInterface
00402340 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_AddRef
00402344 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_Release
00402348 dd 0
0040234C dd 0
00402350 dd 0
00402354 dd 0
00402358 dd 0
0040235C dd 0
00402360 dd 0
00402364 dd 0
00402368 dd 0
0040236C dd offset onOverLabel1
00402370 dd 8 dup(0)
we see the common handler and backpointers, then far away the onOver handler pointer. So my idea is that
every field of the LocalDispatch structure is a pointer to a given event handler (00402348 would be onClick etc),
in addition the LocalDIspatch structure seems to be not exactly the same for all control types, so if you want to
map all controls handlers you should write an app which uses all possible handlers and see where they are placed
in this struct. Now we can go back to FormDescriptor[0] and check the last pointer, that was FD0Dispatcher, it
points to
004020E0 FD0_Dispatcher dd offset onClickAboutPre1
004020E4 dd offset onClickAbout1
004020E8 dd offset onClickCheck1
004020EC dd offset OnOverForm1
004020F0 dd offset onOverLabel11
a simple list to all import transfers addresses (they point directly to the jumps, the pointers in local dispatchers
instead point to previous line!). As for this form, we can go in ModulesList[3] and check FormDescriptor[1], we
will find the controls list and associated event handlers.
In particular, in this form there is a moving button, if we check the LocalDispatcher of this button we see:
00401E70 FD1_LocalDispatcher[1] dd 0
00401E74 dd offset FD1_ControlsList[1]
00401E78 dd offset FormDescriptor_1_
00401E7C dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_QueryInterface
00401E80 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_AddRef
00401E84 dd offset i_EVENT_SINK_Release
00401E88 dd offset onClickOk
00401E8C dd 0
00401E90 dd 0
00401E94 dd 0
00401E98 dd 0
00401E9C dd 0
00401EA0 dd 0
00401EA4 dd 0
00401EA8 dd 0
00401EAC dd offset onOverOk
00401EB0 dd 7 dup(0)
the other controls in the list just have default handlers.
We have mapped all the resource and relative event handlers just by examining data structures (and using a bit
of zen!).
Now we can work on the code. Let’s say we want to find a correct serial for a given name. We know that the
routine called when the Check button is pressed is at address 00402FD0, so we start from there:
-standard function initialization
00402FD0 push ebp ;allocate private stackframe
00402FD1 mov ebp, esp
00402FD3 sub esp, 0Ch
00402FD6 push offset vbaExceptHandler ;installing default seh
00402FDB mov eax, large fs:0
00402FE1 push eax
00402FE2 mov large fs:0, esp
00402FE9 sub esp, 74h
00402FEC push ebx ;save registers area
00402FED push esi
00402FEE push edi
-loading destructors
00402FEF mov [ebp-0Ch], esp
00402FF2 mov dword ptr [pDestruct], offset Destructors_2
-allocating dynamic resource
00402FF9 mov esi, [ebp+8]
00402FFC mov eax, esi
00402FFE and eax, 1
00403001 mov [ebp-4], eax
00403004 and esi, 0FFFFFFFEh
00403007 push esi
00403008 mov [ebp+8], esi
0040300B mov ecx, [esi]
0040300D call dword ptr [ecx+4] ; Zombie_AddRef
the parent object (the form) is passed as parameter (ebp+8, sorry i forgot to resolve ebp based frame function in
ida!) and the COM tecnology uses AddRef to increment reference count of the object (instantiation). For those
of you that don’t know this, COM objects are responsible for their lifetime, the resources they use are allocated
until the reference count is ¿0, when it reaches 0 the objects enter zombie state and can be deallocated to free
resources (well, things are a little more complex, see COM object management documentation to know more on
this topic).
-background color changing
00403010 xor eax, eax
00403012 lea edx, [ebp-24h]
00403015 mov ebx, 80020004h
0040301A mov edi, 0Ah
0040301F mov [ebp-24h], eax ;zero vars
00403022 push edx
00403023 mov [ebp-34h], eax
00403026 mov [ebp-44h], eax
00403029 mov [ebp-1Ch], ebx
0040302C mov [ebp-24h], edi
0040302F call ds:rtcRandomNext ;get random fp values
00403035 fstp dword ptr [COlor_R]
00403038 lea eax, [ebp-34h]
0040303B mov [ebp-2Ch], ebx
0040303E push eax
0040303F mov [ebp-34h], edi
00403042 call ds:rtcRandomNext
00403048 fstp dword ptr [Color_G]
0040304B lea ecx, [ebp-44h]
0040304E mov [ebp-3Ch], ebx
00403051 mov ebx, [esi]
00403053 push ecx
00403054 mov [ebp-44h], edi
00403057 call ds:rtcRandomNext ;color_B not stored, used directly eax
0040305D fmul ds:_0255 ;multiply each rand fpu * 255
00403063 mov edi, ds:__vbaR8IntI2
00403069 fnstsw ax
0040306B test al, 0Dh
0040306D jnz loc_40312F ;fpexception
00403073 call edi ; __vbaR8IntI2 ;cast from _fpu real 8 bytes_ to _integer 2 bytes_
00403075 fld dword ptr [ebp-7Ch]
00403078 fmul ds:_0255
0040307E push eax
0040307F fnstsw ax
00403081 test al, 0Dh
00403083 jnz loc_40312F ;fpexception
00403089 call edi ; __vbaR8IntI2
0040308B fld dword ptr [ebp-78h]
0040308E fmul ds:_0255
00403094 push eax
00403095 fnstsw ax
00403097 test al, 0Dh
00403099 jnz loc_40312F ;fpexception
0040309F call edi ; __vbaR8IntI2
004030A1 push eax
004030A2 call ds:rtcRgb
004030A8 push eax ;rgb resulting from previous calculus
004030A9 push esi ;form object instance
004030AA call dword ptr [ebx+64h] ; MSVBVM_UnkFunc2 (Set back form color)
004030AD test eax, eax
004030AF fnclex
004030B1 jge short loc_4030C2 ;taken
004030B3 push 64h
004030B5 push offset dword_402590
004030BA push esi
004030BB push eax
004030BC call ds:__vbaHresultCheckObj
004030C2 lea edx, [ebp-44h]
004030C5 lea eax, [ebp-34h]
004030C8 push edx
004030C9 lea ecx, [ebp-24h]
004030CC push eax
004030CD push ecx
004030CE push 3 ;number of objects
004030D0 call ds:__vbaFreeVarList ;free vars used in previous rtcRandomNext
-name/serial check
004030D6 add esp, 10h
004030D9 call VoidCheck
004030DE test ax, ax
004030E1 jnz short loc_4030E8
004030E3 call SerialValidation
004030E8 mov dword ptr [ebp-4], 0
004030EF Destr_2_0:
004030EF wait
004030F0 push offset loc_403110
004030F5 jmp short EndRoutine
SerialValidation is the routine that checks the serial, so we will check it (see later). VoidCheck is the routine that
checks if text fields are void, if so display the error message then exit.
-destructors and ending stuff
004030F7 Destr_2_1: ;called in case of error
004030F7 lea edx, [ebp-44h]
004030FA lea eax, [ebp-34h]
004030FD push edx
004030FE lea ecx, [ebp-24h]
00403101 push eax
00403102 push ecx
00403103 push 3 ;number of vars to free
00403105 call ds:__vbaFreeVarList
0040310B add esp, 10h
0040310E retn
0040310F EndRoutine
0040310F retn ;goes to 00403110
00403110 mov eax, [ebp+8] ;ptr to form object
00403113 push eax
00403114 mov edx, [eax]
00403116 call dword ptr [edx+8] ;Zombie_Release (decrease reference count
00403119 mov eax, [ebp-4] ;for form object)
0040311C mov ecx, [ebp-14h]
0040311F pop edi ;save registers area
00403120 pop esi
00403121 mov large fs:0, ecx ;restore exception handler
00403128 pop ebx
00403129 mov esp, ebp ;delete private stackframe
0040312B pop ebp
0040312C retn 4
0040312F jmp loc_4011AC ; __vbaFPException
are you beginning to feel the VB framework? It’s really easy as you can see, the structure of the code is always
the same.
Again let’s see all the code, so you can understand how easy is code analisys:
004032C0 push ebp ;allocate private stackframe
004032C1 mov ebp, esp
004032C3 sub esp, 8
004032C6 push offset vbaExceptHandler ;allocate exception handler
004032CB mov eax, large fs:0
004032D1 push eax
004032D2 mov large fs:0, esp
004032D9 sub esp, 158h
004032DF push ebx ;registers save area
004032E0 push esi
004032E1 push edi
-destructors allocation and initialization
004032E2 mov [ebp+var_8], esp
004032E5 mov [ebp+var_4], offset Destructors_5
004032EC mov eax, Form1Instance
004032F1 xor edi, edi
004032F3 cmp eax, edi ;is form1 instanced?
004032F5 mov [ebp+var_20], edi ;zero vars
004032F8 mov [ebp+var_30], edi
004032FB mov [ebp+var_40], edi
004032FE mov [ebp+var_50], edi
00403301 mov [ebp+var_54], edi
00403304 mov [ebp+var_58], edi
00403307 mov [ebp+var_5C], edi
0040330A mov [ebp+var_6C], edi
0040330D mov [ebp+var_7C], edi
00403310 mov [ebp+var_8C], edi
00403316 mov [ebp+var_9C], edi
0040331C mov [ebp+var_AC], edi
00403322 mov [ebp+var_BC], edi
00403328 mov [ebp+var_CC], edi
0040332E mov [ebp+var_DC], edi
00403334 mov [ebp+var_EC], edi
0040333A mov [ebp+var_FC], edi
00403340 mov [ebp+var_10C], edi
00403346 mov [ebp+var_11C], edi
0040334C mov [ebp+var_13C], edi
00403352 mov [ebp+var_14C], edi
00403358 mov [ebp+var_15C], edi
0040335E jnz short loc_403375 ;jump if form1 istanced
00403360 push offset Form1Instance
00403365 push offset FormDescriptor_0_
0040336A call ds:__vbaNew2 ;if not instanced the form wuold
00403370 mov eax, Form1Instance ;have been created here
-copy vars from form instance to local vars
00403375 mov ecx, [eax]
00403377 push eax ;form object instance
00403378 call dword ptr [ecx+308h] ;MSVBVM_UnkFunc (some sort of addref)
0040337E mov esi, ds:__vbaVarMove
00403384 mov ebx, 9
00403389 lea edx, [ebp+var_6C]
0040338C lea ecx, [ebp+Text1] ;note, text1 object, not string!
0040338F mov [ebp+var_64], eax ;(parameter in ecx, fastcall style)
00403392 mov [ebp+var_6C], ebx
00403395 call esi ; __vbaVarMove ;copy text1 in local var
00403397 mov eax, Form1Instance
0040339C cmp eax, edi
0040339E jnz short loc_4033B5 ;avoid allocation of form if it exists
004033A0 push offset Form1Instance
004033A5 push offset FormDescriptor_0_
004033AA call ds:__vbaNew2
004033B0 mov eax, Form1Instance
004033B5 mov edx, [eax]
004033B7 push eax
004033B8 call dword ptr [edx+30Ch] ; MSVBVM_UnkFunc (as above)
004033BE lea edx, [ebp+var_6C]
004033C1 lea ecx, [ebp+Text2] ;note, text2 object, not string!
004033C4 mov [ebp+var_64], eax ;(parameter in ecx, fastcall style)
004033C7 mov [ebp+var_6C], ebx
004033CA call esi ; __vbaVarMove ;copy text2 in local var
as you can see COM tecnology strikes again: in the form object there is the list of controls, each one with his own
data (text controls have a simple string). So what does the code do? It simply copies the data from those object
in local variables (Text1 and Text2), it uses __vbaVarMove to copy data. Attention: it does not copy only the
string, but the whole text object! The parameter is passed via ecx register (fastcall convention), and is a pointer
to the memory space that receives object data. So if you want to know the data of the object (the text in this
case), after __vbaVarMove go to data pointed by Text1 (ebp-50h), and see the third dword: it is a pointer to the
unicode string for name inserted. So the structure should be as follows:
+00 SizeOf(RT_Text_Object)
+04 Method1
+08 TextPointer
+0C etc (other values or methods)
ok, we now know that the proggy has copied locally the data of text objects, we also know the addresses of this
objects, so we can easily track all movements on theese strings.
-check length of name
004033CC mov eax, 1
004033D1 lea ecx, [ebp+Text1]
004033D4 mov [ebp+var_104], eax
004033DA mov [ebp+var_F4], eax
004033E0 lea eax, [ebp+var_10C]
004033E6 lea edx, [ebp+var_6C]
004033E9 push eax
004033EA mov esi, 2
004033EF push ecx ;object (Text1)
004033F0 push edx ;var object that receives length
004033F1 mov [ebp+var_10C], esi
004033F7 mov [ebp+var_FC], esi
004033FD mov [ebp+var_114], edi
00403403 mov [ebp+var_11C], esi
00403409 call ds:__vbaLenVar ;get length of text1 (name)
0040340F push eax ;var object for target value of subtraction
00403410 lea eax, [ebp+var_FC]
00403416 lea ecx, [ebp+var_7C]
00403419 push eax ;var object for value to subtract (1)
0040341A push ecx ;var object for result of subtraction
0040341B call ds:__vbaVarSub
some easy function here, the first function gets the Text1 and gets its length. As before keep in mind that the
pointers points to OBJECTS, so vbaLenVar does no return the length of the string, but the object that contains
the length. The object is as before:
+00 SizeOf(RT_Text_Object)
+04 Method1
+08 Data (length of string)
+0C etc (other values or methods)
so you must look the third dword at the memory pointed by the result pointer of vbaLenVar. Same thing for all
other __vba***. So here it gets length of string and decrements it by one.
-main for() cycle
00403421 push eax ;(strlen(Text1)-1) object
00403422 lea edx, [ebp+var_11C]
00403428 lea eax, [ebp+var_15C]
0040342E push edx
0040342F lea ecx, [ebp+var_14C]
00403435 push eax
00403436 lea edx, [counter]
00403439 push ecx
0040343A push edx ;counter
0040343B call ds:__vbaVarForInit ;prepare for() cycle
00403441 mov edi, ds:__vbaVarMul
00403447 mov ebx, ds:__vbaVarAdd
-loop here
0040344D test eax, eax ;is cycle finished? (true = loop, false = exit)
0040344F jz EndCheck ;then check ends
00403455 mov eax, Form1Instance
0040345A test eax, eax
0040345C jnz short loc_403473 ;is form1 instanced?
0040345E push offset Form1Instance ;create instance if not
00403463 push offset FormDescriptor[0]
00403468 call ds:__vbaNew2
0040346E mov eax, Form1Instance
00403473 mov ecx, [eax] ;use current instance
00403475 push eax ;form1 instance
00403476 call dword ptr [ecx+308h] ;MSVBVM_UnkFunc
0040347C lea edx, [ebp+var_5C]
0040347F push eax
00403480 push edx
00403481 call ds:__vbaObjSet ;set object var to [ebp+var_5C] ptr
00403487 mov eax, 1
0040348C lea ecx, [counter]
0040348F mov [ebp+var_F4], eax ;set vars to true
00403495 mov [ebp+var_A4], eax
0040349B mov [ebp+var_114], eax
004034A1 mov eax, [ebp+var_5C]
004034A4 mov [ebp+var_94], eax
004034AA lea eax, [ebp+var_AC]
004034B0 push eax ;value to add (1)
004034B1 lea edx, [ebp+var_11C]
004034B7 push ecx ;target value of addiction (counter)
004034B8 lea eax, [ebp+var_8C]
004034BE push edx ;value to add
004034BF push eax ;target
004034C0 mov [ebp+var_104], 64h
004034CA mov [ebp+var_10C], esi
004034D0 mov [ebp+var_FC], esi
004034D6 mov [ebp+var_AC], esi
004034DC mov [ebp+var_11C], esi
004034E2 mov [ebp+var_5C], 0
004034E9 mov [ebp+var_9C], 9
004034F3 call ebx ; __vbaVarAdd
004034F5 push eax ;result object
004034F6 call ds:__vbaI4Var ;convert result object to int_4_bytes
004034FC lea ecx, [ebp+var_9C]
00403502 push eax ;position
00403503 lea edx, [ebp+var_BC]
00403509 push ecx ;length
0040350A push edx ;target string (name)
0040350B call ds:rtcMidCharVar ;extract one char from name at counter+1 position
00403511 lea eax, [ebp+var_BC]
00403517 lea ecx, [ebp+var_54]
0040351A push eax ;extracted char object
0040351B push ecx ;name string
0040351C call ds:__vbaStrVarVal
00403522 push eax ;extracted char value
00403523 call ds:rtcAnsiValueBstr ;get ansi value from extracted value
00403529 push eax ;ansi string of value of mid
0040352A call ds:__vbaStrI2 ;convert it to int_2_bytes
this code increments the for() counter and gets the char at counter+1 position with mid function. Then it obtains
the numeric value of the extracted char, then at the end it converts it into a unicode string representing that char
in decimal number. Example: at iteration x it extracts Name[x+1] char, let’s assume it is an A (0x41). Then it
gets the numeric value (0x41) and then the unicode string 65 (dec for 0x41), unicode means the string will be
(0x36 0x00 0x35 0x00).
00403530 mov edx, eax
00403532 lea ecx, [ebp+var_58] ;ptr to unicode int2bytes
00403535 call ds:__vbaStrMove ;move unicode decimal number in ebp+var48
0040353B push eax ;unicode decimal number
0040353C call ds:rtcR8ValFromBstr ;convert unicode decimal number string
;in floating point value
00403542 call ds:__vbaFpI4 ;convert previous fp number in int4bytes
here we have the numeric value of the extracted char in eax
00403548 cdq
00403549 mov ecx, 0Ah ;divisor
0040354E mov [ebp+var_13C], 3
00403558 idiv ecx ;int4bytes % 10
0040355A lea eax, [ebp+var_10C] ;trash result
00403560 lea ecx, [counter] ;trash divisor
00403563 mov [rest], edx ;save rest of division
00403569 lea edx, [ebp+var_40]
0040356C push edx ;result string
0040356D push eax ;value 100 (for multiplication)
0040356E lea edx, [ebp+var_FC]
00403574 push ecx ;target (counter)
00403575 lea eax, [total]
00403578 push edx ;value to add (1)
00403579 push eax ;target (result)
0040357A call ebx ; __vbaVarAdd ;increment counter
0040357C lea ecx, [ebp+var_7C]
0040357F push eax
00403580 push ecx
00403581 call edi ; __vbaVarMul ;100 * (counter+1)
00403583 push eax
00403584 lea edx, [ebp+var_13C]
0040358A lea eax, [ebp+var_CC]
00403590 push edx
00403591 push eax
00403592 call edi ; __vbaVarMul ;(100*(counter+1)) * previous calculus
;on extracted char
00403594 lea ecx, [ebp+var_DC]
0040359A push eax
0040359B push ecx
0040359C call ds:__vbaVarInt ;cast to int the result of all calculus
004035A2 lea edx, [ebp+var_EC]
004035A8 push eax ;int numeric value
004035A9 push edx ;string that gets total
004035AA call ds:__vbaVarCat ;cat unicode string of int numeric value
;to unicode string of total
004035B0 mov edx, eax
004035B2 lea ecx, [ebp+var_40]
004035B5 call ds:__vbaVarMove ;copy string of total to [ebp+var_40]
004035BB lea eax, [ebp+var_58]
004035BE lea ecx, [ebp+var_54]
004035C1 push eax
004035C2 push ecx
004035C3 push esi ;esi = 2 (number of vars)
004035C4 call ds:__vbaFreeStrList ;free temp vars
004035CA add esp, 0Ch
004035CD lea ecx, [ebp+var_5C]
004035D0 call ds:__vbaFreeObj ;free temp object
004035D6 lea edx, [ebp+var_BC]
004035DC lea eax, [ebp+var_AC]
004035E2 push edx
004035E3 lea ecx, [ebp+var_8C]
004035E9 push eax
004035EA lea edx, [ebp+var_9C]
004035F0 push ecx
004035F1 lea eax, [total] ;temp total
004035F4 push edx
004035F5 push eax
004035F6 push 5
004035F8 call ds:__vbaFreeVarList ;free 5 temp vars
004035FE add esp, 18h
00403601 lea ecx, [ebp+var_15C]
00403607 lea edx, [ebp+var_14C]
0040360D lea eax, [counter]
00403610 push ecx ;maximum value of counter
00403611 push edx ;incremental step
00403612 push eax ;actual counter
00403613 call ds:__vbaVarForNext ;if actual counter < maximum then return true
00403619 jmp loc_40344D ;else return false
this is the loop for serial calculus
0040361E EndCheck: ; CODE XREF: Check+18Fj
0040361E call nullsub_1 ;null calls
00403623 call nullsub_1 ;I asked _d31m0s_ to add them
00403628 call nullsub_1 ;just to check some things
0040362D call nullsub_1
00403632 call nullsub_1
00403637 call nullsub_1
0040363C lea ecx, [ebp+var_40]
0040363F lea edx, [ebp+var_30]
00403642 push ecx ;calculated serial (text object)
00403643 push edx ;inserted serial (text object)
00403644 call ds:__vbaVarTstEq ;compare the two string objects
0040364A test ax, ax ;true = equal, false = different
0040364D jz short Error ;if strings are different then error message
0040364F call OkMessage ;else ok message
00403654 wait ;useless waste...
00403655 push offset loc_4036FE
0040365A jmp short Ending
0040365C Error:
0040365C call ErrorMessage
00403661 wait
00403662 push offset loc_4036FE
00403667 jmp short Ending
00403669 Destructor: ;called in case of error
00403669 lea eax, [ebp-58h]
0040366C lea ecx, [ebp-54h]
0040366F push eax
00403670 push ecx
00403671 push 2
00403673 call ds:__vbaFreeStrList
00403679 add esp, 0Ch
0040367C lea ecx, [ebp-5Ch]
0040367F call ds:__vbaFreeObj
00403685 lea edx, [ebp-0ECh]
0040368B lea eax, [ebp-0DCh]
00403691 push edx
00403692 lea ecx, [ebp-0CCh]
00403698 push eax
00403699 lea edx, [ebp-0BCh]
0040369F push ecx
004036A0 lea eax, [ebp-0ACh]
004036A6 push edx
004036A7 lea ecx, [ebp-9Ch]
004036AD push eax
004036AE lea edx, [ebp-8Ch]
004036B4 push ecx
004036B5 lea eax, [ebp-7Ch]
004036B8 push edx
004036B9 lea ecx, [ebp-6Ch]
004036BC push eax
004036BD push ecx
004036BE push 9
004036C0 call ds:__vbaFreeVarList
004036C6 add esp, 28h
004036C9 retn
004036CA Ending:
004036CA lea edx, [ebp+var_15C] ;free vars
004036D0 lea eax, [ebp+var_14C]
004036D6 push edx
004036D7 push eax
004036D8 push 2
004036DA call ds:__vbaFreeVarList
004036E0 mov esi, ds:__vbaFreeVar
004036E6 add esp, 0Ch
004036E9 lea ecx, [counter]
004036EC call esi ; __vbaFreeVar
004036EE lea ecx, [ebp+var_30]
004036F1 call esi ; __vbaFreeVar
004036F3 lea ecx, [ebp+var_40]
004036F6 call esi ; __vbaFreeVar
004036F8 lea ecx, [ebp+var_50]
004036FB call esi ; __vbaFreeVar
004036FD retn ;return to 004036FE
004036FE mov ecx, [ebp-10h]
00403701 pop edi ;save register area
00403702 pop esi
00403703 mov large fs:0, ecx ;restore seh handler
0040370A pop ebx
0040370B mov esp, ebp ;delete private stackframe
0040370D pop ebp
0040370E retn
ok, now we discovered how the serial is built, in particular if you see the __vbaVarTestEq function, the two
parameters passed are two string objects, one for serial inserted and one for the correct serial, so you can do serial
fishing here without calculating. The algorithm we reversed is:
nser = nser & Int(100 * (i + 1) * (Val(Asc(Mid(Form1.Text1, i + 1, 1))) Mod 10))
so debugging vb applications is really easy, just keep in mind that functions use Objects instead of direct values.
Once you know this, COM jungle will not be a problem!
Serial for "AndreaGeddon" is 50000160050042007008000011000, find your own!
I hope that at the end of this tutorial you will have learned how to debug visual basic applications. As you can
see it is really easy, you do not even need SmartCheck. The exe itself is full of precious infos, you can easily find
all event handlers. Then you just have to analyse the code to understand what the program does. Remember
that COM tecnology is object based, so when you see functions and you analyse their parameters and return
values, you know that you are considering OBJECTS, not the values directly. The values you search (strings,
numbers, etc) will be encoded in the object. We encountered a lot of rtc* and __vba* apis here, they always use
objects, infact when there is an addition you see __vbaVarAdd instead of a simple ”add” asm instruction, this
is because the function adds two number objects! Naturally the code uses also asm instructions for direct value
arithmetics, this happens when there is some casting such as __vbaI4Var function etc etc.
I wrote this tute because my intent is vb full decompiling, now that you know the structure of the compiled exes
you can understand that decompiling is possible, and is relatively easy. Hope I will write a proggy about this one
Thanks to _d31m0s_ who wrote the vb app for this tutorial (i will kill him for lame messages in it!), greets to all
RET friends and great reversers! Greets to all UIC members an to all #crack-it people, see you all guys!
[AndreaGeddon] andreageddon@hotmail.com my mail
www.andreageddon.8m.com my lame italian site
[RET] www.reteam.org RET’s great site
[UIC] www.quequero.org italian university of cracking

دوشنبه 08 تیر 1383, 06:56 صبح
جواب خیلی خوبی دادی.
1) پس چرا سورس نرم افزار ها این قدر برای شرکت ها مهم است. با این که روش خیلی طولانی است ولی می شود سورس آن ها را به دست آورد. :shock: :skull: (:D)
2) لطفا منبع این مطلب را بگویید.
با تشکر

دوشنبه 19 مرداد 1383, 22:00 عصر
فکر می کنی هکر ها چطور برنامه هارو هک می کنن :?:
در آوردن کد اسمبلی برنامه ها مثل آب خوردنه ولی فرض کن طول متوسط هر کد اسمبلی 4 بایت باشه
بعد تعداد دستورات یه برنامه کوچولوی 100kb رو حساب کن :shock: :shock: :shock:
برای تبدیل برنامه ها به زبان منبع هم باید زبان منبعش رو بدونیم. تازه اگه توسط چند زبان مختلف نوشته نشده
باشه که معمولا همین طوره :گیج:
تازه متداول ترین روش در آوردن کد ها اجرای گام به گامه که برنامه نویس اصلی برنامه با قرار دادن کدهایی مثل
از کار افتادن کی بورد از دیدن بقیه کد جلوگیری می کنه :|

Best Programmer
جمعه 23 مرداد 1383, 16:01 عصر
فکر می کنی هکر ها چطور برنامه هارو هک می کنن
هکر ها به کمک برنامه هایی که software مورد نظر را در محیط شبیه سازی شده ایی اجرا میکنه به متغیر هایی که داده از یوزر دریافت میکنند داده های طولانی میفرستند تا بالاخره Overflow کمه که بازم در شرایط خاص منجر به Exploit میشه.
البته امروزه هکر ها زرنگتر شدند و از روی patch نوشته شده به کد exploit مینویسند

تازه متداول ترین روش در آوردن کد ها اجرای گام به گامه که برنامه نویس اصلی برنامه با قرار دادن کدهایی مثل
از کار افتادن کی بورد از دیدن بقیه کد جلوگیری می کنه

int 3 :wink:

پنج شنبه 07 آبان 1383, 04:15 صبح
این چیزا مال داس نبود ؟
کتابای بازار قدیمیه ها !

sohrab o
یک شنبه 10 آبان 1383, 00:27 صبح
یه سوال شنیدم چند نرم افزار هست که یه فایل اجرایی می دی می تونی به هر زبونی که بخای کدشو داشته باشی
اگه می دونی حتما واسم جواب بده